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Available online 13 May 2022
Vaccination against influenza and pneumococus in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Vacunación contra influenza y neumococo en pacientes con artritis reumatoide
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Marco Tobar-Marcillo
Corresponding author
marcotobar1@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Carlos Guerrero-Solís, Guillermo Osmar Pool-Valda, Fedra Irazoque-Palazuelos, Sandra Muñoz-López
Servicio de Reumatología, Centro Médico Nacional 20 de Noviembre, Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico
Received 29 June 2021. Accepted 24 November 2021
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Characteristics of the population surveyed.
Table 2. Compliance with the vaccination schedule recommended by the Mexican College of Rheumatology for patients with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
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Abstract
Background

Vaccination against pathogens such as influenza or pneumococcus is widely recommended for patients with rheumatoid arthritis; the prevalence of adherence to these vaccination programmes in Mexico is not known.

Methods

A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out, through the application of a survey to adult patients with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis treated in a tertiary hospital in Mexico City.

Results

227 patients were included, vaccination against influenza was found in 31.3% and against pneumococcus in 17.6% of patients, the main reasons for non-compliance with the vaccination schedule were related to ignorance and the recommendation by doctors not to do so.

Conclusions

Compliance with the recommended vaccination schedules in the studied population is lower than those reported in other populations. The most important interventions to improve coverage should be aimed at educating both patients and medical personnel.

Keywords:
Vaccination
Rheumatoid arthritis
Influenza
Pneumococcus
Resumen
Antecedentes

La vacunación contra agentes infecciosos como influenza y neumococo está ampliamente recomendada para pacientes con artritis reumatoide, no se conoce la prevalencia de adherencia a estos programas de vacunación en México.

Métodos

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo trasversal, por medio de aplicación de encuesta a pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide atendidos en un hospital de tercer nivel en la Ciudad de México.

Resultados

Se incluyeron 227 pacientes, se encontró una prevalencia de vacunación contra influenza en 31,3% y contra neumococo en 17,6% de los pacientes, los principales motivos para el no cumplimiento del esquema de vacunación estuvieron en relación con el desconocimiento y a la recomendación por parte de los médicos de no hacerlo.

Conclusiones

El cumplimiento de los esquemas de vacunación recomendados en la población estudiada es mas bajo que los reportados en otras poblaciones. Las intervenciones mas importantes para mejorar la cobertura deben ir encaminadas a la educación tanto de pacientes, como de personal medico.

Palabras clave:
Vacunación
Artritis reumatoide
Influenza
Neumococo

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