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Vol. 17. Issue 2.
Pages 122-123 (February 2021)
Vol. 17. Issue 2.
Pages 122-123 (February 2021)
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.reumae.2019.03.011
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Application of the recommendations of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology on osteoporosis in a Fracture Liaison Service unit
Aplicación de las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología sobre osteoporosis en una unidad Fracture Liaison Service
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Francisco Rubiño
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frubijuarez@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Soledad Ojeda, Amparo Molina, Antonio Naranjo
Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Doctor Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain
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Table 1. Total percentage of patients according to fracture type and treatment indication applying SER 2018 recommendations.
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Dear Editor:

The new recommendations for osteoporosis (OP) of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) propose criteria for initiation of OP treatment including patients with fragility fracture.1 Thus, it is recommended that pharmacological treatment be started in patients >50 years with fragility fracture if they present: 1) Fractures of the hip or vertebra; 2) Other fragility fractures and low bone mineral density (BMD) defined by a T-score<1 SD; 3) Patients with a high risk for hip fracture according to FRAX® with BMD ≥ 3%, and 4) Patients being treated with prednisone at a dose ≥5 mg/d. The SER recommendations were applied to a series of patients treated in a Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) unit, comparing criteria according to age, sex, and type of fracture. In cases where bone densitometry (DXA) was not available, the fracture type and FRAX® for hip fracture without DXA were considered.

A total of 2162 patients with an average age of 73 years (SD: 10 years), 1778 women (82%), were analysed. DXA results are available for 1668 patients (77%). Applying the SER recommendations, 1920 patients of the total sample (89%) met the treatment criteria; 90% of the women and 83% of the men (Table 1). Of the hip and vertebrae fractures, 100% met criteria, and 83% of forearm fractures, 85% of humerus fractures and 73% of the group of other fractures. Of the 161 patients with peripheral fractures other than hip fractures where DXA is not available, 77 (48%) had FRAX® treatment criteria.

Table 1.

Total percentage of patients according to fracture type and treatment indication applying SER 2018 recommendations.

  Total number  DXA T-score<―1  Normal DXA, hip FRAX® ≥3%  Hip FRAX® ≥3% without DXA  Treatment indication SER 2018 recommendations 
Hip  580 (26.8)  280/301 (93.0)  10/21 (47.6)  253/275 (92.0)  580 (100) 
Vertebra  221 (10.2)  144/159 (90.5)  1/14 (7.1)  50/62 (80.6)  221 (100) 
Forearm  662 (30.6)  505/585 (86.4)  6/80 (7.5)  43/85 (50.5)  554 (83.6) 
Humerus  439 (20.3)  343/388 (88.4)  4/45 (8.8)  27/50 (54.0)  374 (85.1) 
Other  260 (12.0)  182/235 (77.4)  2/52 (3.8)  7/26 (26.9)  191 (73.4) 

BMD: Bone Mineral Density; FRAX®; Fracture Risk Assessment Tool; SER: Spanish Society of Rheumatology.

The values represent No. (%).

In the analysis of criteria application by decades of age, in the decade from 50 to 60, 67% of patients with forearm fractures, 79% with humerus fractures and 60% of other fractures met treatment criteria. On the other hand, in the decade from 60 to 70, 81% of patients with forearm fractures, 78% with humerus fractures and 73% with other fractures met treatment criteria.

In relation to sex, treatment for forearm fractures was indicated in 67% of the men and 85% of the women, for humerus fractures in 82% of the men and 86% of the women, and for other fractures in 62% of the men and 75% of the women.

Previous SER recommendations on OP indicated that all low-intensity trauma fractures should be treated, regardless of BMD value.2 A study comparing different international guidelines concluded that in secondary prevention the percentage of candidates for treatment was 54%–100% in females and 26%–81% in males.3 In hip fractures, the figure was 81%–100% and in forearm fractures 36%–93%.

In conclusion, the new criteria for treatment of fragility fracture according to SER recommendations involve treating 89% of patients over 50 years of age, 100% of hip and vertebrae fractures, and 84% of other types of fracture. In patients in whom DXA is not available, the percentage with FRAX® treatment criteria is around 69% (100% of hip and vertebra, and 48% with other fractures).

References
[1]
A. Naranjo Hernández, P. Díaz del Campo Fontecha, M. Aguado Acín, L. Arboleya Rodríguez, E. Casado Burgos, S. Castañeda, et al.
Recomendaciones de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología sobre osteoporosis.
[2]
L. Pérez Edo, A. Alonso Ruiz, D. Roig Vilaseca, A. García Vadillo, N. Guañabens Gay, P. Peris, et al.
Actualización 2011 del consenso Sociedad Española de Reumatología de osteoporosis.
Reumatol Clín., 7 (2011), pp. 357-379
[3]
A. Naranjo, S. Ojeda-Bruno, F. Francisco-Hernández, C. Erausquin, I. Rúa-Figueroa, C. Rodríguez-Lozano.
Aplicación de las guías de prevención secundaria de fractura osteoporótica y del índice FRAX en una cohorte de pacientes con fractura por fragilidad.
Med Clín., 136 (2011), pp. 290-292

Please cite this article as: Rubiño F, Ojeda S, Molina A, Naranjo A. Aplicación de las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología sobre osteoporosis en una unidad Fracture Liaison Service. Reumatol Clin. 2021;17:122–123.

Copyright © 2019. Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología
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