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Vol. 11. Issue 4.
Pages 258-259 (July - August 2015)
Vol. 11. Issue 4.
Pages 258-259 (July - August 2015)
Images in Clinical Rheumatology
DOI: 10.1016/j.reumae.2014.12.001
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Coronary Arteritis and Pseudoaneurysm in Behçet's Disease: A Rare Cause of Myocardial Infarction
Arteritis y seudoaneurisma coronarios en la enfermedad de Behçet: una causa infrecuente de infarto de miocardio
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Marcos Rodríguez Estebana,
Corresponding author
mrodest@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Sara Miranda Monterob, Horacio Pérez Hernándeza, Rafael Llorens Leónc
a Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canarias, Spain
b Unidad de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canarias, Spain
c Servicio de Cirugía Cardiaca, Hospiten Rambla, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canarias, Spain
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The patient was a 32 year old male of Moroccan origin, diagnosed with Behcet's disease 2 years earlier after suffering cerebral venous thrombosis. During that episode, oral and painful genital ulcers had appeared and oral anticoagulation with acenocoumarol was started. He came to the emergency room due to persistent and oppressive chest pain with ST segment elevation in the precordial leads, so we decided to perform emergency coronary angiography which revealed the existence of a stenosis of the distal left main coronary artery, which communicated through a narrow passage with a cavity which in turn compressed the proximal left anterior descending artery, occluding it (Fig. 1A and B).

Fig. 1.

Pseudoaneurysm of left main coronary artery. (A) Left coronary right anterior oblique projection. RCA, right coronary artery; CX, circumflex; AD, anterior descending. The arrow indicates the neck of the pseudoaneurysm, limited by arrowheads. (B) Coronary flow in the left oblique projection. (C) Image of the pseudoaneurysm from the position of surgeon. (D) Open pseudoaneurysm.

(0.45MB).

The patient underwent urgent cardiac surgery, demonstrating the presence of a pseudoaneurysm with fresh thrombi inside (Fig. 1C and D). CABG was performed with off-pump mammary arteries.

Currently, the patient has moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction and is in functional class II of the New York Heart Association.

Behcet's disease produces obliterative arteritis and endarteritis of the vasa vasorum, with medial degeneration that predisposes to aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms,1,2 although coronary involvement is unusual.3 While there are cases of coronary pseudoaneurysm that can be effectively treated with stents,4 the anatomical location of the aneurysm in our patient obliged us not to perform percutaneous treatment and led to a delay in restoring blood flow, which resulted in impaired left ventricular function.

In patients with Behcet's disease, the surgeon often faces damaged and swollen vascular tissue, leading to subsequent complications both at the graft level, and when manipulating the thoracic aorta.5

Ethical disclosuresProtection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Confidentiality of data

The authors declare that they have followed the protocols of their work center on the publication of patient data.

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflict of interest to state.

References
[1]
T. Matsumoto, T. Uekusa, Y. Fukuda.
Vasculo-Behcet's disease: a pathologic study of eight cases.
Hum Pathol, 22 (1991), pp. 45-51
[2]
M. Ozeren, O.V. Dogan, S. Dogan, E. Yucel.
True and pseudo aneurysms of coronary arteries in a patient with Behcet's disease.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg, 25 (2004), pp. 465-467
[3]
K. Spiliopoulos, B. Yanawa, A. Crean, C. Overgaard, S.J. Brister.
Surgical management of a left anterior descending pseudoaneurysm related to Behcet's disease.
Ann Thorac Surg, 91 (2011), pp. 912-914
[4]
H. Tezcan, S. Yavuz, A.S. Fak, U. Aker, H. Direskeneli.
Coronary stent implantation in Behçet's disease.
Clin Exp Rheumatol, 20 (2002), pp. 704-706
[5]
G. Ipek, S.N. Omeroglu, D. Mansuroglu, K. Kirali, K. Uzun, M. Sismanoglu, et al.
Coronary artery bypass grafting in a 26-year-old man with total occlusion of the left main coronary artery related to Behçet disease.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 122 (2001), pp. 1247-1249

Please cite this article as: Rodríguez Esteban M, Miranda Montero S, Pérez Hernández H, Llorens León R. Arteritis y seudoaneurisma coronarios en la enfermedad de Behçet: una causa infrecuente de infarto de miocardio. Reumatol Clin. 2015;11:258–259.

Copyright © 2014. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
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