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Vol. 20. Issue 1.
Pages 43-44 (January 2024)
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Vol. 20. Issue 1.
Pages 43-44 (January 2024)
Case Report
Disseminated gonococcal disease in pediatrics: Case report and review of the literature
Enfermedad gonocócica diseminada en pediatría: reporte de caso y revisión de la literatura
Ana K. Leos-Leija, Rocío C. Calderón-Zamora, Ana V. Villarreal-Treviño, Fernando García-Rodríguez, Manuel E. de La O-Cavazos, Nadina E. Rubio-Pérez
Corresponding author
nadinaangel@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
Departamento de Reumatología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario “Dr. José Eleuterio González”, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL), Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
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Abstract

Hematogenous spread of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a sexually transmitted pathogen, results in disseminated gonococcal disease (DGD), also known as arthritis-dermatitis syndrome, due to the development of skin lesions, tenosynovitis, and arthritis. The most frequently affected population is young adults. We describe the case of an adolescent female who acutely developed skin lesions, arthritis, tenosynovitis, and constitutional symptoms. The causal agent was identified by a culture of vaginal secretion and treated with ceftriaxone for 7 days with complete recovery. It is important to differentiate this clinical picture from other types of arthritis developed in adolescence.

Keywords:
Gonorrhea
Disseminated gonococcal disease
Arthritis
Tenosynovitis
Adolescence
Resumen

La propagación vía hematógena de Neisseria gonorrhoeae, patógeno de transmisión sexual, resulta en una enfermedad gonocócica diseminada (EGD), también conocida como síndrome artritis-dermatitis por el desarrollo de lesiones cutáneas, tenosinovitis y artritis. La población que más frecuentemente se ve afetada es la de adultos jóvenes. Describimos el caso de una adolescente femenino que de forma aguda desarrolló lesiones cutáneas, artritis, tenosinovitis y síntomas constitucionales por EGD. La identificación del agente causal fue por cultivo de secreción vaginal y fue tratada con ceftriaxona intravenosa durante 7 días, con recuperación clínica completa. Es importante diferenciar este cuadro clínico de otros tipos de artritis desarrollados en la adolescencia.

Palabras clave:
Gonorrea
Enfermedad gonocócica diseminada
Artritis
Tenosinovitis
Adolescencia

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