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Vol. 17. Issue 3.
Pages 137-140 (March 2021)
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Vol. 17. Issue 3.
Pages 137-140 (March 2021)
Brief report
DOI: 10.1016/j.reumae.2019.10.002
Do humor styles predict clinical response to the MINDSET (MINDfulneSs & EducaTion) program? A pilot study in patients with fibromyalgia
¿Los estilos de humor predicen la respuesta clínica al programa MINDSET (MINDfulneSs & EducaTion)? Un estudio piloto en pacientes con fibromialgia
Adrián Pérez-Arandaa,b,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Natalia Angarita-Osorioa,b,c, Albert Feliu-Solera,b, Laura Andrés-Rodrígueza,b,c, Xavier Borràsa,c, Juan V. Lucianoa,b
a Group of Psychological Research in Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain (AGORA), Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, C/ Santa Rosa 39-57, 08950 Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain
b Teaching, Research & Innovation Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, C/ Dr. Antoni Pujadas 42, 08830 Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
c Basic Psychology Unit, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Content of the sessions.
Table 2. Baseline characteristics of the participants.
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Background and aim

Humor has been described as an effective coping strategy for dealing with chronic pain conditions; likewise, coping strategies predict some clinical outcomes after cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based interventions. The present study aims to preliminarily explore the role of humor styles in predicting clinical changes after the multicomponent intervention (MINDSET) that combines mindfulness and psychoeducation for fibromyalgia (FM) patients.

Material and methods

A subsample of 35 patients with FM of the EUDAIMON study, a randomized controlled trial, was used for the present study; linear regressions and Spearman's correlations were computed.


Affiliative humor and positive/negative ratio humor styles had a unique predictive effect on self-reported clinical changes. Significant correlations between humor styles with functional impact and mindfulness facets were observed.


Some humor styles may imply a better disposition in patients to learn and implement the concepts and resources that the intervention offered.

Humor styles
Humor Styles Questionnaire
Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire Revised
Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire
Antecedentes y objetivo

El humor se considera una estrategia de afrontamiento efectiva para afrontar enfermedades crónicas; asimismo, las estrategias de afrontamiento pueden predecir cambios clínicos experimentados tras intervenciones cognitivo-conductuales y basadas en mindfulness. El presente estudio explora el rol de los estilos de humor en la predicción de cambios clínicos tras una intervención multicomponente (MINDSET, mindfulness+psicoeducación) para pacientes con fibromialgia.

Materiales y métodos

En este estudio participaron 35 pacientes con fibromialgia, una submuestra del ensayo controlado y aleatorizado del estudio EUDAIMON. Se realizaron regresiones lineales y correlaciones de Spearman.


El humor afiliativo y la ratio de estilos positivos/negativos mostraron un efecto predictor en cambios clínicos auto-reportados. Se observaron correlaciones significativas entre estilos de humor, impacto funcional y facetas de mindfulness.


Algunos estilos de humor pueden implicar una mejor predisposición en los pacientes para aprender y aplicar los recursos que la intervención ofrece.

Palabras clave:
Estilos de humor
Humor Styles Questionnaire
Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire Revised
Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire


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