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Vol. 16. Issue 5. P2.
Pages 423-425 (September - October 2020)
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Vol. 16. Issue 5. P2.
Pages 423-425 (September - October 2020)
Images in Clinical Rheumatology
DOI: 10.1016/j.reumae.2018.10.023
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Arthralgias and Articular Hyperlaxitude in Women with Ophthalmopathy and Early Deafness
Artralgias e hiperlaxitud articular en mujer con oftalmopatía y sordera precoz
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Francisco Gallo Puellesa,
Corresponding author
fgallopuelles@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Ana Teresa Serrano Antonb,c, Vanesa Lopez Gonzalezb,c, Jose Hurtado Martinezd
a Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Murcia, Spain
b Sección de Genética Médica, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, IMIB-Arrixaca, El Palmar, Murcia, Spain
c CIBERER-ISCII, Spain
d Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Murcia, Spain
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Clinical case

A twenty-six-year-old woman, with arthralgia and crepitation in her hands, feet and knees, and longstanding camptodactyly.1,2Personal history: bilateral myopia, retinal vitreous degeneration and sensorineural hearing loss since childhood. Family history: polyarthralgia, ophthalmological anomalies (retinal vitreous degeneration, retinal detachment, myopia and cataracts), hearing loss, scoliosis and similar phenotype in the paternal line3,4 (Fig. 1). Physical examination revealed marfanoid habitus, standard size, scoliosis, joint hyperlaxity (non-cutaneous),5 particular facial features (mediofacial hypoplasia, ocular proptosis, depressed nasal bridge, macrognathia)6 (Fig. 2A and B) and elongated fingers and toes with camptodactyly7 (Fig. 2D).

Fig. 1.

Family tree or genogram. Paternal family line affected. Autosomal dominant inheritance.

(0.27MB).
Fig. 2.

Frontal phenotype (A), lateral (B), hand radiology (C) and arachnodactyly (D). Depressed nasal bridge, face hypoplasia, macrognathia, proptosis, low implantation of the auricular pavilion. Elongated hands and hyperlaxity. Increased length of metacarpals and phalanges.

(0.69MB).
Diagnosis/progress

Blood tests: ESR 10mm/1st hour, CRP .3 (<.5mg/dl); normal haemogram and TSH/T4L, RF/negative autoimmunity (ANA, ENA, ANCA, ACPA). Radiology: scoliosis, increased metacarpal length (Fig. 2C). Normal knee MRI and echocardiography.

Given the possibility of hereditary collagenopathy we contacted the medical genetics department, who suspected Stickler syndrome, autosomal disease (AD), dominant and progressive.1,9 A molecular study of implicated genes was requested: COL2A1, COL11A1 and COL11A2,3,4,8–10 by means of next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel with detection of pathogenic heterozygous variant (not described) c.598C>T (p.Gln200) of the COL2A1 gene. Compatible familial segregation analysis (parents/siblings).3,8–10

Discussion

Stickler syndrome (OMIM: 108300) is a hereditary and progressive connective tissue disorder characterised by skeletal abnormalities (arthralgia, joint hyperlaxity and scoliosis), ocular abnormalities (early-onset myopia, strabismus, cataract and retinal detachment), craniofacial abnormalities (midface hypoplasia, broad/flattened nasal bridge, cleft palate and macro/retrognathia) and sensorineural hearing loss.2,5–8,10 With an estimated incidence of 1/7500, this is a rare congenital collagenopathy, caused by mutation of the COL2A1 AD gene, of variable expressivity, even within the family.7–10 In spite of the time available in consultations, it is essential to take an adequate history in our routine practice. A personal and family history of ophthalmopathy and deafness, together with close collaboration with medical genetics were determining factors in the correct diagnosis, prognosis and final treatment of the patient and her family.

Conflict of interests

The authors have no conflict of interests to declare.

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to express their gratitude for being able to collaborate in your journal and disseminate their article.

References
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Please cite this article as: Gallo Puelles F, Serrano Anton AT, Lopez Gonzalez V, Hurtado Martinez J. Artralgias e hiperlaxitud articular en mujer con oftalmopatía y sordera precoz. Reumatol Clin. 2020;16:423–425.

Copyright © 2018. Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología
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